Why the Consumer Wins When Walmart and Amazon Battle Over Prices
By The Daily Bell Staff - March 31, 2017

Walmart and Amazon have surely benefited from government protectionism, but the economy is still free enough to promote competition which ends up benefiting consumers.

Back in 2011 Walmart invested in pricing tools, realizing that Amazon was doing better. Amazon has algorithms which search the internet for the lowest prices, and then set their products to that price. Generally even when the lowest price is for wholesale ($10 for a pack of ten) Amazon will set their price that low even for a single pack of the product ($1 for a pack).

In 2012, the battle between Amazon and Walmart raged over a video game around Christmastime. The price was set around $50 for each retailer, but as a few cents here and there we dropped from the price to gain a tiny edge over competitors, the price of the video game eventually dropped as low as $15.

So that means people were not being overcharged for a game, and it means the companies were not making “obscene” profits on the product. The market corrected the negative aspects of business that would not have been corrected if there was a true monopoly.

Now, the war of prices is a seasoned game of strategy which brings suppliers into the mix. Both Walmart and Amazon reportedly hound product supply companies to lower their prices in order to better compete.

Sometimes, Walmart even encourages suppliers to reorganize their companies so that they can still turn a profit while charging Walmart less. Another tactic employed is to threaten to make their own products which would directly compete with the supplier’s.

Amazon seems to keep their suppliers guessing, using a tactic that The 48 Laws of Power suggests to make sure your opponents cannot entirely gauge your real intentions.

Amazon will even pull products which do not have a large enough profit margin in an attempt to get the price lowered from the suppliers.

Another Amazon tactic is to prohibit some brands from buying ads within the site for a product that Amazon can’t make profitable on a standalone basis. Like paying for prominent placement in a store, a brand can buy ads within Amazon to promote their products. Blocking these ads is another way of burying a product.

“They are playing Jekyll and Hyde,” said an executive at a large grocery goods manufacturer. “At times, it’s all about growth; at times, it’s all about profitability. They keep switching back and forth.”

Everyone loves to complain about Walmart’s profits. Well Amazon accomplished what documentaries, protests, and boycott could not. Walmart’s profits fell 18% last quarter, demonstrating that economic incentives are necessary for change.

Of course there are plenty of other issues; if it is all about price, what about quality? And even if the prices are lower for consumers, what about the workers of these companies, will they suffer?

But the competition among prices proves an economic lesson that will apply to all these scenarios. In the same way that Amazon and Walmart had to lower prices to compete, they will also be forced to compete to attract employees, or to have the best quality products.

Even if Walmart and Amazon are the main players currently, they are still not the only players: there is Target, Overstock, and plenty of other brick and mortar and online retailers. Is it hard for other to compete? Sure, but certainly not impossible, and as Walmart and Amazon are weakened by their fight against each other, third parties will be able to slip in to offer something that neither company does offer.

The Wish App is one example, where you can get crazy good deals if you don’t mind waiting.

The Dollar Shave Club is another example; direct to consumer websites offering products could be on the rise, especially if people tire of dealing with giant retailers.

But the real point is that competition among companies is a good thing for consumers, because it drives costs down. That is what consumers are currently focused on, but consumers could just as easily bring quality up, or improve employee treatment if that were something they felt strongly about.

When businesses react to their customers, they become a reflection of the people. In a sense, Walmart and Amazon offer a democracy where not only do you get to vote with your dollar on how they operate, you can also remove your support entirely by going to a competitor.

Something to Think About

Imagine if government had to compete in this same way, dropping the prices they charge people for their services. And imagine if you could switch back and forth between governments without changing your location. What if government services were simply competitive products delivered by businesses which could attract customers within the same territory, with overlapping jurisdiction?

War would break out! No, it wouldn’t. Pricing wars would, just like now. War is expensive, and only possible in a system where governments plunder their people to fund their violence. No government working on a business model could afford war, and they would do everything possible to avoid violent conflict.

But protection from neighboring warlords would still be an available service, and the government companies vying for your business would compete to deliver what you need, for the lowest cost, just as Walmart and Amazon currently do.

However evil you think corporations are, they are only a product of the governments who protect them, and the people who patronize them. The benefits of competition in the market can be seen even through the government’s smoke and strings. Remove the government from the equation, and consumer choice will only increase.

You don’t have to play by the rules of the corrupt politicians, manipulative media, and brainwashed peers.

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  • Praetor

    Which is it, Money or Competition makes the world go around.

    Competition does, competing to get money and getting money is the measure of who wins. Competition works with everything, money, sports, love, markets you name it all is competition. The only thing where competition is null and void is man competing with nature or the natural law of the universe, at least not yet. If we could only get the government to understand it false premise they control all and see all.

    The example of government stupidity is the so called Health care control. It is not Health care, it is Medical care they seek to control. People control their own Health, except what nature throws at them, that’s uncontrollable and that is where you need Medical care. This is where competition is the ONLY thing that will bring down Medical care. Competition good.!!!

  • Christy Sullivan

    This line sums it all up very nicely and completely:

    “However evil you think corporations are, they are only a product of the governments who protect them, and the people who patronize them.”

  • Doc

    DB: “Imagine if government had to compete in this same way, dropping the prices they charge people for their services. And imagine if you could switch back and forth between governments without changing your location. What if government services were simply competitive products delivered by businesses which could attract customers within the same territory, with overlapping jurisdiction?”

    Wow, first time I have seen the DB write about non-territorial governments. Excellent, more of that please. Break the governments’ monopolies, not the governments. Return to non-territorial governance.

    I can produce a reading list and put you in touch with most of the guys that has explored this for ages.

    • Hi Doc, we would be very interested if you had anything suggestions for reading material and other involved. Feel free to use the contact us section, we appreciate it!

      • Doc

        Will do. 🙂

  • autonomous

    The decision to buy or not to buy is the only vote that counts. If everyone who complains about Walmart would stop buying at Walmart, missing or faulty customer service would go away. Same same re shoddy products.

    Not so incidentally, obscene profits is a Marxist concept, possible only in a centrally controlled environment.

  • georgesilver

    Sounds like you’re voting for “One World Government” DB with just different branch offices that you can choose from. Somewhat like USA Democrats and Republicans that are the same government with different flavours.

  • georgesilver

    What happens if Amazon buys Walmart? They could get their paid for politicians to ban people from buying from small competitors somewhat like the medical pharmaceutical industrial complex does with alternative medicine.

  • Licia

    all this to keep trash flow at the landfills coming

  • Maximiliano Plus Adrienne

    so governments r the greatest monopolies there is! if another country seems to manage its affairs better and by doing so becomes a “competitor” like walmart to amazon, then u will have not a prize war but war! meaning that if anybody comes in a position to challenge the UsofA they will do whatever it takes to make sure this is not going to happen like making sure europe and russia and in particular germany and russia will not work together cause germany and russia would easily be as powerful as the land of the freee?!

    • Exactly, they are the biggest monopolies and currently create war in their competition. If they were not allowed to monopolize land mass, things may be different, and resemble more of a business model.